It lies about 5,800 miles (9,300 km) west of San Francisco and 1,600 miles (2,600 km) east of Manila. The political maneuverings after World War II and the post war buildup led to even more expansion of US military interests in Guam and the rest of Micronesia, with Guam becoming a hub for economic and commercial development. The battle to re-conquer Guam from the Japanese, however, does stand out, at least for war buffs. They have a non-voting representative to Congress. I do not speak for the Chamorro people, but as a scholar of colonialism and indigeneity, who was taught directly by the people who shared their lives with me. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Major imports—mostly from the United States and Japan—include food products, motor vehicles and parts, and shoes and other leather products. Public Law 103-197 authorized construction of a monument to commemorate, by individual names, those people of Guam who suffered during the occupation. As late as 1936, two Guam delegates, Baltazar J. Bordallo and Francisco B. Leon Guerrero, went to Washington to petition in person for Chamorro citizenship. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL), Log Cabin Excavation Unearths Evidence of Forgotten Black Community, When Catherine of Aragon Led England's Armies to Victory Over Scotland, New Evidence That Grandmothers Were Crucial for Human Evolution, Book of Lost Books Discovered in Danish Archive, Bird Flies 7,500 Miles, a New Record for Longest Nonstop Bird Migration, The True Story of 'The Trial of the Chicago 7', Long Before Trees Overtook the Land, Earth Was Covered by Giant Mushrooms, The True Story of the ‘Free State of Jones’, Scientists Cloned an Endangered Wild Horse Using the Decades-Old Frozen Cells of a Stallion, Fossilized Footprints Found in New Mexico Track Traveler With Toddler in Tow, This Humongous Fungus Is as Massive as Three Blue Whales, The Strange and Mysterious History of the Ouija Board, Eight Secret Societies You Might Not Know, The Unsuccessful WWII Plot to Fight the Japanese With Radioactive Foxes, Nero, History's Most Despised Emperor, Gets a Makeover. The reason why Guam remains a U.S. territory, while the rest of Micronesia is not, can be traced to an ironic accident of history and geography. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The nearby Philippines, where traders found an entryway to the Chinese market, attracted most of the seafarers from abroad. An international airport links Guam with other Pacific islands, Asia, and Hawaii and the continental United States. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guam, Guam - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guam - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).

Today, Guam has a diverse population that enjoys a rich, multicultural, modern and urban lifestyle, yet continues to carry the indigenous spirit, language and culture of its people. California Do Not Sell My Info Average annual precipitation is about 95 inches (2,400 mm), three-fourths of which falls in storms during the wet season, generally starting in May or June and lasting through November. The project, Pacific Worlds, is an indigenous-geography cultural documentation and education project, sponsored by Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL). The abundant snakes have also caused numerous power outages by climbing poles and wires and crawling into transmission equipment, and they have killed small mammals. It lies about 5,800 miles (9,300 km) west of San Francisco and 1,600 miles (2,600 km) east of Manila. Nowadays most Americans, if they know of Guam at all, think of this and neighboring Saipan as sites of World War II battles.
The Chamorro language is an Austronesian language that has, over time, come to incorporate many Spanish words. Guam has persisted under American rule to the present day, while the northern islands experienced first almost two decades of benign German rule, then nearly three decades under the thumb of the Japanese empire, which took all of Germany’s Pacific territories at the outset of World War I. The island is awash with a history that dates back to the Latte Period of 2000BC, the period of Ancient Chamorro life before a Spanish expedition led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived on March 6, 1521. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. The U.S. armed forces are represented at multiple military facilities on Guam. Inhabited for thousands of years archaeological evidence indicates that the Marianas Islands were one of the first places to be settled by seafaring peoples, possibly from Island Southeast Asia, over 4000 years ago. The plateau is covered with a thick growth of jungle, while the volcanic hills support mainly sword grass. Foodstuffs were imported in increasing amounts at the expense of local cultivation, and Guam now imports most of its food. Give a Gift.

About three-fourths of the people are Roman Catholic, and one-eighth are Protestant. U.S. Navy facilities, located around the island, include a naval air station, a naval base with a ship repair yard, communications centres, and a hospital. In a series of Supreme Court rulings known as the Insular Cases of 1901, it was decided that new territories might never be incorporated into the union and were to receive only unspecified ‘‘fundamental’’ Constitutional protections. Doug Herman, formerly a senior geographer at the National Museum of the American Indian, specializes in the cultural knowledge of Hawaii and Pacific Islands. There are large numbers of migrants from the Philippines and South Korea, as well as from neighbouring states such as the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. In a brief but locally well-remembered air and sea attack, Japanese troops seized control of the small American colony and began an occupation that lasted three years. Guam remained a Spanish possession until 1898, when, in the course of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. warship Charleston steamed into Apra Harbor and bombarded the old fort. To America, they are forgotten. The National Park Service commemorated it with a park spanning seven different locations. Thus began a rift between the Chamorros of Guam and those of the Northern Mariana Islands.
They lost their millennia-old connections to the land, their traditions and their stories.

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