• National forests are found in the United States while national parks are found all over the world. • National forests were declared much earlier than the declaration of national parks. Perhaps the greatest difference between the two is the multiple use mandate for National Forests. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. In 1964 congress enacted (nearly unanimously) and President Johnson signed into law the Wilderness Act that established the National Wilderness Preservation System to “…secure for American people of present and future generations the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness.” The compatibility of the intent of the Wilderness Act and the purpose of the NPS is apparent in the similarity between language used in the NPS Organic Act and the Wilderness Act. It required the NPS to submit annual reports on potential new areas, including 12 that "have potential for inclusion in the National Park System." “… hereby established a National Wilderness Preservation System…of federally owned areas designated by Congress as "wilderness areas", and these shall be administered for the use and enjoyment of the American people in such manner as will leave them unimpaired for future use as wilderness.” A wilderness, in contrast with those areas where man and his own works dominate the landscape, is hereby recognized as an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain. Congress has now designated more than 109 million acres of federal public lands as wilderness: nearly 44 million of these acres are found in 47 NPS units and represent 53 percent of national park system lands. National parks tend to be large swaths of land that protect a variety of resources, including natural and historic features. This process can take years to complete. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. The park cannot be used for any reason viz. The important differences between national parks and forests could be identified mainly based on the category characteristics. Additionally, those ideas have been implemented successfully despite the lack of legislation around 1830 in USA, by declaring the Hot Springs Reservation in Arkansas. Wilderness Areas require rules to maintain an untouched condition. Only an approved person can enter into a national park, either via paying a visitor ticket or an approved letter from the governing body (mostly the government). All the declared national forests (155 in total) in the United States cover about 190 million acres. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. In 1978, a single piece of legislation—the National Parks and Recreation Act—authorized 15 new parks, earning the label "park barrel legislation" from critics. No roads are allowed, nor are motors or mechanized transport. Conservation of nature through protecting the wildlife has come to the common aware for some decades by now and there are many protected areas declared by national and international organizations. National Parks require well managed recreation because of the large number of annual visitors. Wildlife Leadership Academy, Naturalist Notes: Sanderlings – Chasing the Tide, February Student of the Month – Zara Moss. Among the parks created in 1978 was Lowell National Historic Park, which chronicled immigrant and labor history during the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, it becomes clear that both protected area and community are profited, which means national forest is a mutually benefitted protected area. With all these regulations, the national parks are established to conserve the natural habitats of the wild fauna and flora with a minimum degree of human interference. The Wilderness Act defines the concept of “unimpaired” much more narrowly than the NPS Organic Act, tying it specifically to preserving wilderness conditions. However, the system of national forests in the United States has been declared in the late 19th century with the objectives of conserving the natural environment of the San Gabriel Mountains in California. This act also specified that there is no hierarchy of parks. collecting firewood, timber, fruits…etc. • Human interference is much less inside a national park than in a national forest. What is the difference between National Park and National Forest? Nominate them today to have the opportunity to apply to the Academy. This act almost doubled the total size of the national park system, adding 56 million acres of wilderness. In spite of some early reluctance to embrace the provisions of the 1964 Wilderness Act, the National Park Service has become an essential component of the Wilderness Preservation System, managing more acreage within the Wilderness Preservation system than any other land management agency. “ “The service thus established shall promote and regulate the use of the Federal areas known as national parks, monuments, and reservations…by such means and measures as conform to the fundamental purpose of the said parks, monuments, and reservations, which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. While National Parks are highly vested in preservation, barely altering the existing state, National Forests are managed for many purposes—timber, recreation, grazing, wildlife, fish and more. However, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) has defined categories of protected areas in seven types, where each category has a global standard. In these areas both agencies strive for maximum protection of … The national forests can be used for sustainable development through some permitted activities. There are two main types of national forests known as natural (located west from the Great Plains) and originally-owned forests (located east from the Great Plains). • National forests can be used for sustainable development through harvesting natural resources but not the national parks. 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