For desktop computing in general, see, Desktop environments for the X Window System, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. In its primary function as a symbolic image, the icon design should ideally be divorced from any single language. This model of the desktop metaphor has been adopted by most personal computing systems in the last decades of the 20th century; it remains popular as a "simple intuitive navigation by single user on single system. Zenon W. Pylyshyn and Liam J. Bannon (1989). "Introduction: The Desktop Metaphor and New Uses of Technology ", pg 2 ff. If the editor can also make a cursor, the image can be saved with a file extension of .CUR or .ANI for both Windows and the Macintosh.

", "GUI windows: definition, advantages, origin and future", List of graphical user interface elements,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wolf, Alecia.

An icon editor resamples a source image to the resolution and color depth required for an icon. Also common is Aqua, included with Apple's macOS. Developers also use icon editors to make icons for specific program files. In contrast to static icons and icons with animated graphics, kinetic behaviors do not alter the visual content of an element (whereas fades, blurs, tints, and addition of new graphics, such as badges, exclusively alter an icon's pixels). Abdullah, Rayan and Huebner, Roger (2006). [21], Over time, certain GUI widgets have gradually appeared which are useful in many contexts. The user can activate an icon using a mouse, pointer, finger, or recently voice commands. [1] This usage has been popularized by projects such as the Common Desktop Environment, K Desktop Environment, and GNOME. the file folder and filing cabinet) in the 1960s, and finally the desktop metaphor itself (including the trashcan) in the 1970s.[7]. Metonymy is in itself a subset of metaphors that use one entity to point to another related to it such as using a fluorescent bulb instead of a filament one to represent power saving settings. For these computer icons, customization and modifications are not only possible but in fact expected of the user.[23]. Secondary icons of system programs are also displayed on the task bar or the system dock. Stated differently, pixels in an icon can be moved, rotated, stretched, and so on - but not altered or added to.

All icon editors can make icons for system files (folders, text files, etc.

This is a list of notable computer icon software. A further type of computer icon is more related to the brand identity of the software programs available on the computer system. A main use of remote desktop software is remote administration and remote implementation. Icons also provide rapid entry into the system functionality. Another GUI icon is exemplified by the smiley face, a pictogram embedded in a text message.

This category includes standardized symbols found across many electronic devices, such as the power on/off symbol and the USB icon.

Windows), on an icon which represents an object (e.g. Remote desktop sharing is accomplished through a common client/server model. The client, or VNC viewer, is installed on a local computer and then connects via a network to a server component, which is installed on the remote computer. Hyperlinks differ from the functional computer icons in that they are normally embedded in text, whereas icons are displayed as stand-alone on the screen real estate.

To regulate the use of these brand icons, they are trademark registered and are considered part of the company intellectual property.

This category includes stylized drawings of objects from the office environment or from other professional areas such as printers, scissors, file cabinets and folders. HP Remote Graphics Software is one such remote workstation solution. The first set of computer widgets was originally developed for the Xerox Alto. This category includes stylized drawing used to refer to an actions "printer" and "print", "scissors" and "cut" or "magnifying glass" and "search".

These I/O slaves are not available outside the KDE environment.

The icons stand for objects or functions accessible on the system and enable the user to do tasks common to an office space.

While the windowing system may provide some window management functionality, this functionality is still considered to be part of the window manager, which simply happens to have been provided by the windowing system. These include color, numbers, symbols, body parts and hand gestures. Desktop GUIs help the user to easily access and edit files, while they usually do not provide access to all of the features found in the underlying operating system. Instead, the traditional command-line interface (CLI) is still used when full control over the operating system is required. To users, a complete desktop environment and a suite of essential applications.

In order to display the number of icons representing the growing complexity offered on a device, different systems have come up with different solutions for screen space management. Pages are stored in a folder structure, like in an outliner, and can have attachments. To translators, a collaboration infrastructure. snap a picture, delete, rewind, connect/disconnect etc...), action in the physical world (e.g. In computing, the term remote desktop refers to a software or operating system feature that allows a personal computer 's desktop environment to be run remotely on one system (usually a PC, but the concept applies equally to a server), while being displayed on a separate client device.

These commercial icons serve as functional links on the system to the program or data files created by a specific software provider. [5][6][7][8][9][10], Software that allows a personal computer's desktop environment to be run remotely on a server or PC, "Remote desktop" redirects here. Zim is a graphical text editor used to maintain a collection of wiki pages.

[4], System warning icons also belong to the broader area of ISO standard warning signs.

This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 10:05. The window manager generally runs on top of this windowing system. On systems running the X Window System (typically Unix-family systems such as Linux, the BSDs, and formal UNIX distributions), desktop environments are much more dynamic and customizable to meet user needs.

It includes the basic icons used for a file, file folder, trashcan, inbox, together with the spatial real estate of the screen, i.e. This need arises when software buyers are far away from their software vendor. a file) a certain additional subsystem can add a smaller secondary icon, laid over the primary icon and usually positioned in one of its corners, to indicate the status of the object which is represented with the primary icon.

In this new model, data and tools are no longer stored on the single system, instead they are stored someplace else, "in the cloud". The duplicate desktop mode is useful for user support and education. Thorsten Leemhuis (, August 5, 2012: Comparison of X Window System desktop environments, comparison of X Window System desktop environments, "Window managers and desktop environments – Linux 101",, Articles with disputed statements from October 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To programmers, a set of standard APIs, a programming environment, and. Other functions performed by icon editors are icon extraction from executable files (exe, dll), creation of icon libraries, or saving individual images of an icon.

"[11] The desktop and icons displayed in this first desktop model are easily recognizable by users several decades later, and display the main components of the desktop metaphor GUI.

The smiley, and by extension other emoticons, are used in computer text to convey information in a non-verbal binary shorthand, frequently involving the emotional context of the message. [24] Given this wide availability of icon tools and icon sets, a problem can arise with custom icons which are mismatched in style to the other icons included on the system. In 1996 the KDE was announced, followed in 1997 by the announcement of GNOME. X window managers that are meant to be usable stand-alone — without another desktop environment — also include elements reminiscent of those found in typical desktop environments, most prominently Enlightenment. On tablets and smartphones, the situation is the opposite, with Unix-like operating systems dominating the market, including the iOS (BSD-derived), Android, Tizen, Sailfish and Ubuntu (all Linux-derived). Each of these elements needs to be evaluated for their meaning and relevance across all markets targeted by the product.[20]. The Signified can have multiple natures: virtual objects such as Files and Applications, actions within a system or an application (e.g.

This model originally enabled users, familiar with common office practices and functions, to intuitively navigate the computer desktop and system.

in Handa, Pamela Ravasio and Vincent Tscherter (2007).

Not all of the program code that is part of a desktop environment has effects which are directly visible to the user.

the electronic desktop. The window manager supports the user interactions with the environment, while the toolkit provides developers a software library for applications with a unified look and behavior.

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