Together with Craterus and Coenus, he had important commands during the Swat campaign (326) and he commanded the advance guard during the capture of the Aornus. Ptolemy was also present during the siege of the Rock of Sisimithres. Although he pursued a friendly policy toward Greece that secured his political influence there, he also succeeded in winning over the native Egyptian population. In 301 BC, he occupied Syria for a fourth time after Antigonus' death at the Battle of Ipsus, and, although he lost his holdings in Greece, he subjugated Cyrene in 300 BC and reconquered Cyprus from 295 to 294 BC.

The provision for the succession, which was based on examples from the time of the pharaohs, made possible a peaceful transition when Ptolemy died in the winter of 283–282. Alexander the Great was the ruler of one of the biggest empires in the ancient world. People like Ptolemy in Egypt, Antipater in Macedonia, Lysimachus in Thrace, Antigonus Monophthalmus in Asia Minor, and Seleucus in Babylonia (collectively known as the Diadochi, "successors") were slowly but securely creating something new. He was courting the local population. About 296 he made peace with Demetrius Poliorcetes, to whom he betrothed his daughter Ptolemais. In a last coalition war in 288–286, in which Ptolemy, Seleucus, Lysimachus, and Pyrrhus opposed Demetrius, the Egyptian fleet participated decisively in the liberation of Athens from Macedonian occupation.
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Finally, he was the person who entered the temple in Siwa Oasis with Alexander.

He became satrap of Egypt, with the adjacent Libyan and Arabian regions, and methodically took advantage of the geographic isolation of the Nile territory to make it a great Hellenistic power. I heard it said that Alexander's campaigns will have killed up to two million people. Ptolemy created a dynasty which ruled Egypt for 300 years. After naming himself king, Ptolemy’s first concern was the continuing war with Antigonus, which was now focussed on the island of Rhodes. Ptolemy I Soter (367-282): friend and biographer of the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great, after his death king of Egypt, founder of the the Ptolemaic dynasty, one of the Diadochi.

His charisma was so impressive that the Egyptians believed he was an incarnation of a god.

In 300 he concluded an alliance with Lysimachus of Thrace (modern Bulgaria) and gave him his daughter Arsinoe II in marriage in 299/298.

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Ruler of Egypt With Alexander's death in Babylon on June 13, 323 B.C.E. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? Ptolemy as Pharaoh of Egypt, British Museum, London. The figure in the center is Perdiccas, receiving the ring from the speechless Alexander. The historian Arrian of Nicomedia records Ptolemy's presence during the battle in the Persian gate, but as Arrian's account is based on Ptolemy's own History of Alexander, and other sources are silent about his actions, we must probably take Arrian's story with a grain of salt. In 322–321, as a member of a coalition of “successors” (diadochoi) of Alexander, he fought against Perdiccas, the ruler (chiliarchos) of the Asiatic region of the empire.
He temporarily lost Cyrene as well and was unable to hold the important Greek positions of Corinth and neighbouring Sicyon and Megara, which he had captured in 308. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There was an error while trying to create your account. (CC BY-SA 3.0 ). ɪ k /; Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, romanized: Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was an ancient Hellenistic state based in Egypt.It was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander the Great, and lasted until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC. Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC-January 282 BC) was Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 305 to 282 BC, succeeding Alexander IV and preceding Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Macedonian Game of Thrones Eurydice The Matriarch and Eurydice the Rebel, New Digs Provide Insights into the Median Empire and Capital, Luxor Temple: The Sacred Sanctuary With An Eternal Legacy. To avoid problems, Philip may have arranged the marriage of Arsinoe with a Macedonian nobleman named Lagus. He continued what Alexander had started, but also expanded the architectural works and started to create cities full of white and golden buildings.

Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The founder and first king of a Greek-speaking dynasty that ruled over Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great until it was annexed by Rome in 30 bc . It seems that Ptolemy could have been the one who wanted the death of Alexander the most. = 29 Ayyaru (Bab.) He was especially fascinated with the golden treasures near the Nile River. Several times during his life Ptolemy was proclaimed a deity by certain classes of people. Medieval Icelanders were fascinated by genealogy, not only because, as emigrants. He proposed to wait until Alexander's Iranian wife Roxane had given birth to the child she was pregnant of.

It was not the only attempt to gain sympathy from the native Egyptians.

Ptolemy I Soter (367-282): friend and biographer of the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great, after his death king of Egypt, founder of the the Ptolemaic dynasty, one of the Diadochi.

Deathbed of Alexander, illustration in Codex 51 (Alexander Romance) of the Hellenic Institute. Omissions?

In the end, a compromise was reached - although it was, at first sight, as if Perdiccas had obtained supreme power.

He was careful to skirt Afghanistan on his way home though after tangling there on his way through to India - a reluctance that makes him more Alexander the Great-ish. Ptolemy decided that he wanted to receive Cyranaica. In the time of Alexander the Great and his... Eucleia, the ancient Greek female personification of glory and good repute, is the youngest of the Charites. Was Ptolemy really the murderer of Alexander? Now, Iranian... Luxor Temple is one of the most famous temple complexes in Egypt. With her death and that of her son, Ptolemy XV, (called Caesarion), in 30 BC, the dynasty came to an end, and Egypt was annexed to the Roman Empire by Augustus. Ptolemy X Alexander I (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος, Ptolemaĩos Aléxandros) was King of Egypt from 107 BC till his death in 88 BC, in co-regency with Cleopatra III as Ptolemy Philometor Soter until 101 BC, and then with Berenice III as Ptolemy Philadelphus.He was a son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III, and younger brother of Ptolemy IX. It was a custom in Macedonia that kings asserted their right to the throne by burying the predecessor.

Soon it became apparent that the regent Perdiccas could only control the satraps by force and he and his army could not be everywhere at the same time. The founder and first king of a, In the years following Alexander’s death, the king’s successors continued to fight for control of his empire.

( Public Domain ). After the death of Alexander, the hell of fighting for power began.

In the last few years of his life Ptolemy wrote a generally reliable history of Alexander’s campaigns. At approximately the same time he married his stepdaughter Theoxena to Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse (southeastern Sicily). This was the last campaign of Alexander. He found it necessary from the outset, however, to pursue a conciliatory policy toward the Egyptians, since Egyptians had to be recruited for his army, which initially numbered only 4,000 men. Amphipolis is situated upon the eastern bank of the River Strymon about five kilometers (3.10 miles) inland from the northern shore of the Aegean Sea. Besides being a patron of the arts and sciences, he was a writer himself. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The most advanced Bible dictionary as a part of, (“savior”). It seems that during an expedition to Egypt, Ptolemy decided that he wanted that part of the Empire for himself.

After Ptolemy's death, he was officially deified by his son. The influence of his reign on the architecture and religion of the country was impressive. Next day, Alexander's chiliarch (vizier) Perdiccas invited the main officers of the Macedonian army for a meeting to discuss the future (text). Where Alexander had been a destroyer, the Diadochi were creators and builders. This must have endeared him to the king, who regretted the first act and owed his life to the second. He finally brought rebellious Cyrene into subjection in 298, and in approximately 294 he gained control over Cyprus and the Phoenician coastal towns of Tyre and Sidon. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. In the year 283 BCE, Ptolemy I Soter died in the capital city of Alexandria which he helped evolve from a coastal settlement to a grand center of learning and trade. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings.

During the last 15 years of his reign, because of the defeats he suffered between 308 and 306, Ptolemy preferred to secure and expand his empire through a policy of alliances and marriages rather than through warfare. To Pyrrhus of Epirus, Demetrius’ brother-in-law, who was at the Egyptian court as a hostage, he gave his stepdaughter Antigone. Tired with the ambitions of the Macedonian King, and full of frustration created by being unable to live his life as he wanted, he may have taken Alexander’s life. Admiral Nearchus objected: Alexander already had a son named Heracles by his mistress Barsine.Ptolemy objected too: these boys were half-breeds. Adhering to a basically defensive foreign policy, he secured Egypt against external enemies and expanded it by means of directly controlled foreign possessions and hegemonic administrations. Updates?

He also found success at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.

Next year, we find Ptolemy as Alexander's second-in-command in the army that fought against the Cossaeans, a nomadic tribe from what is now called Luristan in the Zagros mountains. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Was it Ptolemy, a man who had gained Alexander’s trust? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ptolemy served with Alexander from the first campaigns of the young Macedonian prince.

Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Ptolemy never forget about his old companion, rival, and perhaps, brother. Which Mysterious Macedonian Royal Was Buried At Amphipolis? Ptolemy I Soter, (born 367/366 bc, Macedonia—died 283/282, Egypt), Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–285 bc) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which reigned longer than any other dynasty established on the soil of the Alexandrian empire and only succumbed to the Romans in 30 bc. Alexander the Great: God of Youth and Ambition? In 304 Ptolemy aided the inhabitants of Rhodes against Antigonus and was accorded the divine title Soter (Saviour), which he was commonly called from that time.

Thus, it was very important who took part in the funerary ritual of Alexander the Great. Their son is called a youth friend of Alexander, but being older than the crown prince, his role can perhaps better be interpreted as that of some sort of adviser. He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII. Mosque near the famous Temple of Amun at Siwa Oasis in Egypt. The Two Thousand Year Obsession to Find the Lost Conqueror, 2006.

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