{ bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); Along with its Bengali population, it is also home to Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups, including the Chakma, Marma, Tanchangya and Bawm peoples. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, Bromance অর্থ ও উদাহরণ | Bromance meaning in Bengali? In the meantime, everyone had vanished, but where to? "loggedIn": false [citation needed]. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated later that year during a military coup that ushered in sixteen years of military dictatorships and presidential governments. pid: '94' [132] The Mother Bengal represents not only biological motherness but its attributed characteristics as well – protection, never ending love, consolation, care, the beginning and the end of life. Its maritime exclusive economic zone potentially holds many of the largest gas reserves in the Asia-Pacific.[128]. The liberation war commander Ziaur Rahman emerged as Bangladesh's leader in the late 1970s. The empire was founded with the election of Gopala as the emperor of Gauda in 750. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, East Bengal (Bengali: পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bangla) was the name used during two different periods in the 20th century for a territory that roughly corresponded to the modern state of Bangladesh. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, [14] It was later absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } },

Partition seemed like a formal recognition of the religious, cultural, and economic divide that separated the two Bengals. [129] It is written using the indigenous Bengali alphabet, a descendant of the ancient Brahmi script. After the 1970 national election, Rahman's party, the Awami League, had emerged as the largest party in Pakistan's parliament. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Darjeeling Hills are also part of North Bengal. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The region was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as Gangaridai. [96] India has since fenced the border which has been criticised by Bangladesh. The country has a long shipbuilding tradition, dating back many centuries. [99] "So, the Bengal region, as of 2011[update], has at least 241.1 million people, out of which 158.8 million are Muslims (66.4%), 77 million are Hindus (32%) and 5.3 million (1.6%) are others particularly (Buddhists, Christians, Animists etc)".

Both instances involved a violent partition of Bengal which made one half East Bengal or Bangladesh. The presence of such words is much more pronounced in Musalmani Bengali or dobhashi -- a written language which the Muslims developed in the train of modern Bengali. East Bengal, which was later renamed to East Pakistan in 1955, was home to Pakistan's demographic majority and played an instrumental role in the founding of the new state. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); The word itself is ultimately derived from Arabic عَبِير‎ (ʿabīr) meaning … bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, It is part of the Bengali-Assamese languages. The princely state of Hill Tippera, that was under the suzerainty of British India.

Hindu nationalism was also strong in Bengal, which was home to groups like the Hindu Mahasabha. A mustard and date palm farm in West Bengal. 8), National Archives of India, New Delhi. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["science_geographic_locales", "arts_entertainment_media"]); Early Indian literature described the region as a thalassocracy, with colonies in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean. [146][147][148] Meghnad Saha was the first scientist to relate a star's spectrum to its temperature, developing thermal ionization equations (notably the Saha ionization equation) that have been foundational in the fields of astrophysics and astrochemistry. Ancient Bengal was divided between the regions of Varendra, Suhma, Anga, Vanga, Samatata and Harikela. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, At that time, that is, the early 20th century, did the Bengalis think of themselves as a nation?

[90], After independence, Bangladesh adopted a secular democracy under its new constitution in 1972. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, "noPingback": true, [74] It was visited by several world explorers, including Ibn Battuta, Niccolo De Conti and Admiral Zheng He. The partition of India severed the once strong economic links which integrated the region. name: "identityLink", North Bengal is divided into Terai and Dooars regions. Wooden boats are made of timber such as Jarul (dipterocarpus turbinatus), sal (shorea robusta), sundari (heritiera fomes), and Burma teak (tectons grandis). [54] During the medieval period, the region was ruled by the Sultanate of Bengal, the Kingdom of Tripura, the Kingdom of Mrauk U, the Portuguese Empire and the Mughal Empire, prior to the advent of British rule. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, The failure of the rebellion led to the abolishment of the Mughal Court and direct rule by the British Raj. The Lawachara National Park is a rainforest in northeastern Bangladesh. The Surma and Barak river are the geographic markers of the area. The Mughal Empire conquered Bengal in the 16th century. বাংলায় অর্থসহ ব্যাখ্যা | Asleep in The Valley Poem Bengali Meaning? Bengali Muslims are the world's second largest Muslim ethnicity (after Arab Muslims), and Bangladesh is the world's third largest Muslim-majority country (after Indonesia and Pakistan). Sounds of beating and cries of ‘get that bloke, give it to him!’  I felt dazed. It was almost dusk and I was watching the game totally engrossed. [34] The term Vangaladesa is used to describe the region in 11th-century South Indian records. I saw three ships go sailing by, -আমি দেখেছি তিনটি জাহাজ যেগুলো যাত্রার জন্য তৈরী - Over the sea, the lifting sea -,সমুদ্রের উপরে, উত্থাল এক সমুদ্রে During the Bengal Renaissance of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Bengali literature was modernised through the works of authors such as Michael Madhusudan Dutta, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Rabindranath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Satyendranath Dutta and Jibanananda Das. Bengali binds together a culturally diverse region and is an important contributor to regional identity. [20] Its economy was worth 12% of the world's GDP,[21][22][23] a value bigger than the entirety of Western Europe, and its citizens' living standards were among the world's highest. However, differences over river sharing, border security and access to trade have long plagued the relationship. It has word meaning from Bangla Academy Dictionary. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/bengali"); Inspite of the numerous dialects that are spoken in Bangladesh, chalit Bengali is the official language, a language spoken by the elite few. Outside of India and Bangladesh, Bengali is spoken by immigrant populations in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Asia. The word itself is ultimately derived from Arabic عَبِير‎ (ʿabīr) meaning "scent, perfume". They shared much of the architectural vocabulary; the religious buildings of all three religions (Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam) of the region drawing heavily from the vernacular architecture of the village hut.7. Bengal was home one of the world's earliest coin currencies in the first millennium BCE. South Bengal covers the southern part of the Indian state of West Bengal and southwestern Bangladesh. By 1352, Ilyas Shah achieved the unification of an independent Bengal. Cox's Bazar in southeastern Bangladesh is home to the longest natural sea beach in the world with an unbroken length of 120 km (75 mi). } {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Politically, the region is divided between the People's Republic of Bangladesh, an independent state, and the eastern provinces of the Republic of India, including West Bengal. I saw three ships go sailing by, -আমি দেখেছি তিনটি জাহাজ যেগুলো যাত্রার জন্য তৈরী - Over the sea, the lifting sea -,সমুদ্রের উপরে, উত্থাল এক সমুদ্রে This region contains Sandakfu (3,636 m (11,929 ft))—the highest peak of the state. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The Bangamata is a female personification of Bengal which was created during the Bengali Renaissance and later adopted by the Bengali nationalists. }; The Padma River cuts through the southern part of the region, separating the greater Faridpur region. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. West Bengal are provincial states of the Republic of India, with local executives and assemblies- features shared with other states in the Indian federal system. Muslim Bengali poets of the 15th to 18th centuries also wrote romances, epics, and devotional poems, where Islam was presented to the common folk in idioms that they were familiar with.

North Bengal is also noted for its rich cultural heritage, including two UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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There are 2 pending changes awaiting review. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, As of 2011, Hinduism is the most common religion in West Bengal, with adherents representing 70.54% of the total population, while Muslims are the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population of the state. Emergency rule was imposed by the military in 2007 and 2008 after widespread street violence between the League and BNP. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }},

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