The war of 1948 resulted in the division of Jerusalem, so that the old walled city lay entirely on the Jordanian side of the line. Poll: 72% of Jewish Israelis view J'lem as divided, "Statements of the Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion Regarding Moving the Capital of Israel to Jerusalem", "Jerusalem and Berlin Embassy Relocation Act of 1998", "Knesset Proclaims Jerusalem As Israel's Capital; Mapam and Herut Abstain from Voting", "Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel", "Guatemala embassy in Israel opens in Jerusalem", "President Donald J. Trump's Proclamation on Jerusalem as the Capital of the State of Israel", "Trump Declares Jerusalem as Israel's Capital", Arabs, Europe, U.N. reject Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israeli capital, US forced to veto UN resolution condemning Trump's decision on Jerusalem, "UN rejects Trump's Jerusalem declaration", "UN General Assembly rejects Trump's Jerusalem move", "Defying Trump, U.N. General Assembly Condemns U.S.


Contemporary Arabic and Hebrew sources say the site was full of rubbish, and that Arabs and Jews cleaned it. The Israeli government has approved building plans in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City[266] in order to expand the Jewish presence in East Jerusalem, while some Islamic leaders have made claims that Jews have no historical connection to Jerusalem, alleging that the 2,500-year-old Western Wall was constructed as part of a mosque. [19] On 18 May 1949, Manshiya and part of Jaffa's central zone were added, for the first time including land that had been in the Arab portion of the UN partition plan. Most of the meetings of the Jerusalem City Council are private, but each month, it holds a session that is open to the public. The Palestinian National Authority views East Jerusalem as occupied territory according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 242. [note 5] Modern scholars argue that Jews branched out of the Canaanite peoples and culture through the development of a distinct monolatrous – and later monotheistic – religion centered on El/Yahweh,[24][25][26] These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. [381] Jerusalem's religious and cultural landmarks today remain the top draw for foreign visitors, with the majority of tourists visiting the Western Wall and the Old City,[331] In 2010, Jerusalem was named the top leisure travel city in Africa and the Middle East by Travel + Leisure magazine. (pp. No desentona, pues, con ese significado hacer de Tel Aviv el punto de referencia político de Israel, como hace Xavier Vidal-Folch en el citado artículo así como en sus crónicas desde Bruselas sobre la actual crisis de Irak (Muchas contradicciones en Netanyahu, 15 de febrero de 1998). Jaffa 2. The British had to deal with a conflicting demand that was rooted in Ottoman rule. Center for Contemporary Arab Studies & Center for Muslim–Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, quotes the breakdown as follows: West Jerusalem in 1948: 16,261 dunums (14%); West Jerusalem added in 1967: 23,000 dunums (20%); East Jerusalem under Jordanian rule: 6,000 dunums (5%); West Bank area annexed and incorporated into East Jerusalem by Israel: 67,000 dunums (61%), G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren (eds.

[336] Many move to the suburbs and coastal cities in search of cheaper housing and a more secular lifestyle. [267][268] Palestinians regard Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Palestine,[269] and the city's borders have been the subject of bilateral talks. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. The Academy of the Hebrew Language are located in the Hebrew university in Givat Ram and the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities located near the Presidents House. After the establishment of the state of Israel, Jerusalem was declared its capital city.

Today, this valley is hidden by debris that has accumulated over the centuries. Indiana: Authorhouse. [70][71] An older example on papyrus is known from the previous century. [136] In about 445 BCE, King Artaxerxes I of Persia issued a decree allowing the city (including its walls) to be rebuilt. Herod7. [note 5] Jerusalem was the site of Solomon's Temple and the Second Temple. Stanford: Stanford University Press. One final proposed skyscraper project was approved, while dozens of others had to be scrapped. [101], Israeli Air Force F-16I Sufas over Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv Dolphinarium, demolished in 2018, site of the 2001 Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing, in which 21 Israelis, mostly teenagers, were killed. Many Jews have "Mizrach" plaques hung on a wall of their homes to indicate the direction of prayer. In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Jordan allowed Arab Palestinian refugees from the war to settle in the vacated Jewish Quarter, which became known as Harat al-Sharaf. Pero de acuerdo con una de las conclusiones del informe titulado El Estatuto de Jerusalén, redactado por el comité de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos del pueblo palestino (Nueva York, 1981), "el rechazo de Israel a estas resoluciones [las de la ONU y su Consejo de Seguridad], declarándolas nulas en Jerusalén, de ninguna manera priva a las citadas resoluciones de su validez". Announcement in the UK House of Commons of the recognition of the State of Israel and also of the annexation of the West Bank by the State of Jordan. [50] During World War II, Tel Aviv was hit by Italian airstrikes on 9 September 1940, which killed 137 people in the city.[51].

A small port was built at the Yarkon estuary, and many cafes, clubs and cinemas opened. In spite of this, Jewish guerrilla attacks continued in Tel Aviv and other areas under martial law in Palestine. [352] Since 1991, Palestinians who make up the majority of the residents in the area have only received 30% of the building permits. [207], From 1922 to 1948 the total population of the city rose from 52,000 to 165,000, comprised two-thirds of Jews and one-third of Arabs (Muslims and Christians). Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

[133] Construction of the Second Temple was completed in 516 BCE, during the reign of Darius the Great, 70 years after the destruction of the First Temple.[134][135].
The steps that were taken [by Israel] relate to the integration of Jerusalem in administrative and municipal areas, and served as a legal basis for the protection of the holy places of Jerusalem. أُورُشَلِيمَ-القُدس. '", Rainer Reisner, 'Synagogues in Jerusalem,' in, Mark Smith in "The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel" states "Despite the long regnant model that the Canaanites and Israelites were people of fundamentally different culture, archaeological data now casts doubt on this view. (2013) The City in Numbers. [22], According to Peace Now, approvals for building in Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem have expanded by 60% since Trump became U.S. president in 2017. In the past, Jerusalem was also served by the local Atarot Airport. In the early 2000s, Tel Aviv municipality focused on attracting more young residents to the city. During heatwaves in autumn and springs, temperatures usually climb up to 35 °C (95 °F) and even up to 40 °C (104 °F), accompanied with exceptionally low humidity. [52] Tel Aviv was the temporary government center of the State of Israel until the government moved to Jerusalem in December 1949. The city also contains Assuta Medical Center, a private hospital which offers surgical and diagnostic services in all fields of medicine and has an IFV clinic.

[126][127], According to the Bible, King David reigned for 40 years[128] and was succeeded by his son Solomon,[129] who built the Holy Temple on Mount Moriah.

[421] While many schools in the heavily Arab East Jerusalem are filled to capacity and there have been complaints of overcrowding, the Jerusalem Municipality is building over a dozen new schools in the city's Arab neighborhoods. The longest-serving Jerusalem mayor was Teddy Kollek, who spent 28 years—-six consecutive terms-—in office. [275][276] At the time of Ben Gurion's proclamations and the ensuing Knesset vote of 24 January 1950,[276] Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan, and thus the proclamation only applied to West Jerusalem. [235] As of April 2011 the municipality has completed construction of the planned 100 kilometres (62 miles) of bicycle paths. In May 2010, the ministry of finance decided to cancel the agreement with MTS due to the difficulties and the agreement was cancelled in August 2010. [197] In the countrywide Peasants' Revolt, Qasim al-Ahmad led his forces from Nablus and attacked Jerusalem, aided by the Abu Ghosh clan, and entered the city on 31 May 1834. [381] Nevertheless, the percentage of households with employed persons is higher for Arab households (76.1%) than for Jewish households (66.8%). [127] [27] Although not mentioned in the Torah / Pentateuch,[359] it is mentioned in the Bible 632 times. [15][16] Jerusalem was named as Urusalim on ancient Egyptian tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity, during the Canaanite period (14th century BCE). In East Jerusalem, 52% of the land is excluded from development, 35% designated for Jewish settlements, and 13% for Palestinian use, almost all of which is already built on. [197] In the countrywide Peasants' Revolt, Qasim al-Ahmad led his forces from Nablus and attacked Jerusalem, aided by the Abu Ghosh clan, and entered the city on 31 May 1834. Within the span of a few decades, Jerusalem shifted from Byzantine to Persian rule, then back to Roman-Byzantine dominion. The route is from Pisgat Ze'ev in the north via the Old City and city center to Mt. [432] It houses an estimated 100,000 books and articles. [204] Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally. In January 2008, Tel Aviv's municipality established the city's LGBT Community centre, providing all of the municipal and cultural services to the LGBT community under one roof.

[87][88] In contrast, Palestinian nationalists claim the right to the city based on modern Palestinians' longstanding presence and descent from many different peoples who have settled or lived in the region over the centuries. [47] [120], This period, when Canaan formed part of the Egyptian empire, corresponds in biblical accounts to Joshua's invasion,[121] but almost all scholars agree that the Book of Joshua holds little historical value for early Israel. "[27] The urban planning for the new city was influenced by the Garden city movement.

[205] In addition, Tel Aviv hosts an annual LGBT Film festival.


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