Police officers also respond to emergency calls, along with routine community policing.

They also function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, and most police forces have an investigative capability.

cop m (oblique plural cos, nominative singular cos, nominative plural cop). I'd like to know when and how the words came to be paired together. [8] In the United Kingdom for the year 2015–16 a police officer's average salary was £30,901.

Police officers are generally charged with the apprehension of suspects and the prevention, detection, and reporting of crime, protection and assistance of the general public, and the maintenance of public order. English has many nouns cop, some archaic or obsolete, many connected more or less obscurely to Old English cop "top, summit," which is related to the source of cup (n.). There are so many myths about the etymology for this word, but most are wrong. The word "cop" came to mean apprehension in the mid-19th century, and since police officers often capture or seize criminals, English officers came to be known as "coppers." cop | Search Online Etymology Dictionary. %PDF-1.6 %����

"spider," Old English atorcoppe "spider," literally "poison-head," from ator "poison, venom" (Middle English atter), from Proto-Germanic *aitra- "poisonous ulcer" (source also of Old Norse eitr, Old High German eitar "poison;" German eiter "pus," Old High German eiz "abscess, boil;" Old English atorcræft "art of poisoning") + copp "top, summit, round head," probably also "spider" (compare cobweb and Dutch spinne-cop "spider"). In some countries, officers can also break road rules to perform their duties.[1]. 282 0 obj <>/Encrypt 272 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6374F0F13DC790478B2F16BD45034EF8>]/Index[271 42]/Info 270 0 R/Length 74/Prev 900296/Root 273 0 R/Size 313/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Cognate with Middle Dutch koppe, kobbe (“spider”). Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. English has many nouns cop, some archaic or obsolete, many connected more or less obscurely to Old English cop "top, summit," which is related to the source of cup (n.). %%EOF r/etymology: Discuss the origins of words and phrases, in English or any other language. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, If men were angels, no Government would be necessary, "Educational Requirements for Police Officers", "Requirements to Become a Police Officer", "37 N.J. officers have killed themselves since 2016. The goal of the program would be to train officers in emotional resiliency and to help destigmatize mental health issues. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, You bust in the house, another bitch’s mouth is suckin on your man's dick, He shot a guy in a bar on Martin Luther King Day and, Linguistic clues to Andamanese pre-history: Understanding the North-South divide, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=cop&oldid=60817528, English terms inherited from Middle English, English terms derived from Middle English, English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic, English terms derived from Proto-Germanic, English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European, English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European, English terms derived from the PIE root *keh₂p-, A-Pucikwar terms inherited from Proto-Great Andamanese, A-Pucikwar terms derived from Proto-Great Andamanese, Middle English terms inherited from Old English, Middle English terms derived from Old English, Middle English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic, Middle English terms derived from Proto-Germanic, Middle English terms with IPA pronunciation, Scottish Gaelic terms inherited from Middle Irish, Scottish Gaelic terms derived from Middle Irish, Middle Irish terms borrowed from Old English, Middle Irish terms derived from Old English, Middle Irish terms borrowed from Middle English, Middle Irish terms derived from Middle English, Old English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic, Old English terms derived from Proto-Germanic, Scottish Gaelic terms with IPA pronunciation, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “.
Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Uncertain. "to seize, to catch, capture or arrest as a prisoner," 1704, northern British dialect, of uncertain origin; perhaps ultimately from Middle French caper "seize, to take," from Latin capere "to take" (from PIE root *kap- "to grasp"); or from Dutch kapen "to take," from Old Frisian capia "to buy," which is related to Old English ceapian (see cheap).

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Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property and the investigation of crimes. [14] Police accountability efforts strive to protect citizens and their rights by ensuring legal and effective law enforcement conduct, while affording individual officers the required autonomy, protection, and discretion. The word "cop" is an old Anglo-Saxon verb for catch, grab or capture, deriving from a noun "cop" dating back at least to the 1100s.

endstream endobj 272 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(�\)����$k �STbX�w�\(,�t�v��!X�)/P -1324/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(��ڣ�#��̓��^�C&. [2] It may also find its origin in the Latin capere, brought to English via the Old French caper. In most countries, "police officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank. Le coefficient de performance, ou COP (parfois CP), d'une pompe à chaleur est le quotient de la chaleur produite par le travail fourni. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers while off duty.[4]. cop: English (Noun) (architecture, military) A merlon.. (crafts) The ball of thread wound on to the spindle in a spinning machine.. (obsolete) The crown (of the head); also the head itself.

The word "police" comes from the Greek politeia, meaning government, which came to mean its civil administration. Some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. "to seize, to catch, capture or arrest as a prisoner," 1704, northern British dialect, of uncertain origin; perhaps ultimately from Middle French caper "seize, to take," from Latin capere "to take" (from PIE root *kap- "to grasp"); or from Dutch kapen "to take," from Old Frisian capia "to buy," which is related to Old English ceapian (see cheap). Probably this sense development is via the verbal meaning "cut off the top of a plant" (c. 1200). I More at cobweb. 0

Some countries, such as the United Kingdom have outlined command procedures, for the use in major emergencies or disorder. into "handle (successfully), deal with," perhaps influenced by now-obsolete cope "to traffic, bargain for, buy" (15c.-17c.

cop (v.) "to seize, to catch, capture or arrest as a prisoner," 1704, northern British dialect, of uncertain origin; perhaps ultimately from Middle French caper "seize, to take," from Latin capere "to take" (from PIE root *kap- "to grasp"); or from Dutch kapen "to take," from Old Frisian capia "to buy," which is related to Old English ceapian (see cheap ). Slang being what it is (often highly ephemeral and largely restricted to the oral realm), we cannot expect to find that it has an obvious and upstanding pedigree.

Uncertain. A sheriff is typically the top police officer of a county, with that word coming from the person enforcing law over a shire. In some, the use of the rank "officer" is legally reserved for military personnel. AG hopes new plan will prevent suicides", "An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force", "Lights, Camera, Redaction... Police Body-Worn Cameras: Autonomy, Discretion and Accountability", 19th Century picture of a US Police Officer with 6 pointed badge star, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Police_officer&oldid=983686714, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 17:22. 271 0 obj <> endobj 312 0 obj <>stream

There is no stigma attached to this, as experienced line patrol officers are highly regarded.

Thus, "someone who captures", a "copper", was shortened to just "cop". Related words - Cop waste synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. From Middle English coppe, from Old English *coppe, as in ātorcoppe (“spider”, literally “venom head”), from Old English copp (“top, summit, head”), from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz (“vault, round vessel, head”), from Proto-Indo-European *gū- (“to bend, curve”).

)[citation needed] Police officers are also recruited from those with experience in the military or security services. In most countries, candidates for the police force must have completed some formal education.

In some societies, police officers are paid relatively well compared to other occupations; their pay depends on what rank they are within their police force and how many years they have served.

"policeman," 1859, abbreviation (said to be originally thieves' slang) of earlier copper (n.2), which is attested from 1846, agent noun from cop (v.) "to capture or arrest as a prisoner." In the majority of Western legal systems, the major role of the police is to maintain order, keeping the peace through surveillance of the public, and the subsequent reporting and apprehension of suspected violators of the law. Sense of "evade an issue or problem" is from 1960s. (in Anglo-Latin from early 13c.).

COP is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary

(Officers who work within investigative divisions or plainclothes are not necessarily of a higher rank but merely have different duties. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. + cup (n.). Pronunciation of Cop waste and it's etymology. cop (something) from (someone or something), Coalition for Outsourcing and Privatization.
A person who has been deputized to serve the function of the sheriff is referred to as the deputy. The earliest written documentation of the form "cop" as a verb in English dates to 1704. ��[��eu��;����H�)�b$����,6Z��%���X�^�o[w��nO"�޵kS|I|��V����w]����o(36,1�-w`�L������U��n����{����&��,��Y����Θ2CS�)�X}F�Dy���Λ�1y%@�TO����"��y��Pq�K�J��{����"A/D� Compare also Middle English copen (“to buy”), from Middle Dutch copen.

Researching "fair cop" in the Online Etymology Dictionary didn't get me very far. by 1942, noun ("a cowardly escape, an evasion") and verb ("sneak off, escape, give up without trying"), American English slang, perhaps from cop a plea (c. 1925) "plead guilty to lesser charges," which is probably from northern British slang cop "to catch" (a scolding, etc.


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