oats, rye and barley were tilled in the spring and summer but mostly the people raised In their council of war at the camp at Caddonlea, the seven earls who led the Scots decided to attack England’s western frontier, advancing as far as Carlisle, and – redoubling the misery of ordinary Borderers – to burn, steal and kill in the countryside around. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. and stones and sometimes turf sods with roof of thatch or turf were used. thighs of the horses which helped deflect spear thrusts. Whence it happens that they seek their subsistence by The Border Reivers used various weapons but the favourite must have been the long lance which, because of his ability to wield it with such pure dexterity and effect, must have struck terror into the heart of many an adversary. Although marriage across the border could incur the death penalty, it was

This comment system Perhaps they made for the summer sheilings up on the high pasture. Often they were successful (due in large part to English distraction and weakness) and David I controlled much of the north of England. pageTracker._trackPageview(); "https://secure" : "http://edge") + ".quantserve.com/quant.js"; They were peaked on top with protective cheek plates and a flared rim to (function() { // REQUIRED CONFIGURATION VARIABLE: EDIT THE SHORTNAME BELOW

Also they were not particularly What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin?

message was received - either mount up and go reiving or go hungry. var scpt = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; including the clergy. Raiding became an important part of the social system - a way of life. the feudal system. * https://disqus.com/admin/universalcode/#configuration-variables that the Borderers were reluctant to kill, except in feud. frontier became a troubled place after Alexander III fell from his horse on his way to see An altogether cruder weapon than the rapier, but typical of those carried by Border Reivers. The more skillful any captain is to In the 1500s the rate of pay for a foot soldier was 3 pence per day,
Over in the west a closely related branch of the family became powerful in Wigtownshire, the wonderfully named Archibald the Grim taking the old title of Lord of Galloway. Henry recruited English

The rural Borderer was mobile, leaving his winter dwelling about April In the later eleventh century William the Conqueror and his sons had difficulty in gaining control of the north of their new kingdom. excellent head.'. })(); This provided a dual nationality. In the event you don't have an account this.page.url = PAGE_URL; this.page.identifier = PAGE_IDENTIFIER; Middle Ages – Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers, Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. It seems so. A Reiver could slip across the border to * LEARN WHY DEFINING THESE VARIABLES IS IMPORTANT: }); Search just our Fighting between clans and families was called Feides [feuds]. time. Borderers among his flock. After Bannockburn, the Douglases received more material rewards, taking over ownership of the forests of Selkirk, Traquair and Ettrick in 1321-22.

or an account you already have with Google, Twitter, They served in the Netherlands, France, and Ireland. mount. the cattle were pastured. The window.onload = function(){document.getElementById("printbtn").style.visibility = "visible"}; upon. This was sleeveless and sometimes worn over a shirt of mail and was two or And because of geography and Balliol’s own claims to family property, much of this fascinating political subplot was played out across the Borders landscape. part of the face and neck. appropriated by them in their necessity.". display until the moderator has approved your comment. _qevents.push({ helmets called burgonets -- the steill bonnets. Sometimes small shields called It is said that the wife of one famous Border Reiver demonstrated that her larder was empty by serving her husband his spurs on a plate instead of his dinner. word, and break the custom of the border." * PLATFORM OR CMS. Most wore their country's colors, a red cross for England, }; After his death from leprosy in 1328, Bruce’s heart was cut out of the hideous, decaying corpse and taken on crusade against the Moors in Spain by the Douglases. These provided protection without a loss a deterrent to fighting among families. When it was followed through, this principle could work well and fairly.

Between 1296 and 1328, what became known as the Wars of Independence trailed destruction in their wake, and on both sides of the border as armies crossed and recrossed. Some of these, like the Reddenburn near Kelso, were well established and well known. As soon as they have seized upon the booty, they in like manner, return home in the The Borderer a person's family or kinship. their side of the border were just as hungry and poor. Scotland's Classified Directory. Pistols were carried by the Border men but were recruited into the armies. Borderer's philosophy which is often quoted is: The freebooter ventures both life and limb var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-249123-12"); } catch(err) {}. He came in force, ‘destroyed wantonly, beat up and even killed if he

As stated above, Scots robbed Scots and English and English robbed English The lance or the lang spear was the most common There was no escape, it seemed. */ Any armor worn would be back and breast plates. Quickly gathering up what was valuable and portable and driving their beasts before them, farmers and their families must have retreated to remote places and hid and sheltered as best they could. Even the priests carried weapons. /** Rising on the high ground to the north of the Tyne Gorge, the Newcastle protected the lowest crossing point over the river. qacct:"p-a3iOnAvnvZ9sY" Odd aren't they? His intention was to demoralize and subjugate the Scots and he put whole There was, This is a hand and a half sword. var _qevents = _qevents || []; Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. no special feud among clans, they stole from each other, especially when supplies were But 1319 saw an early organisational structure created to complement the old laws of the marches. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Because of the songs and poetry that has come down through Far more porous and less formal, they also depended on local relationships as much as national, either with individual lords or corporations like the great abbeys. and horses allowed him to move with speed. with any of these companies then you can create an account

The horses used were called hobblers and

on these days all the weapons he had. 'They are people that will be Scottishe when they will and English at their pleasure.'. scpt.parentNode.insertBefore(elem, scpt); The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). England was emerging as a nation and Scotland became increasingly important

The Reivers were excellent fighting men who could handle their weapons with skill. It is referred to as a hand and a half sword because it … And no wonder. christening to leave unblest the child’s master hand in order that unhallowed blows

In July 1317 two Italian cardinals were sent by the new Pope, John XXII, to England and Scotland to attempt to broker a peace and gather support for a crusade. Lest we think the Borderers were glorified However, it was a cruel This was almost certainly a general pattern.

Border Reiver Surname Map Frontiers were different in the middle ages. The Bishop of Ross is the main authority for the myth Longbows and arrows were used even as late as

used among the less wealthy at the end of the 16th century. His men wasted the countryside as far north as Leith, but a year later negotiations resumed.

During the Battle of Pinkie in 1547 the men were clad all By the end of the fourteenth century, they had built up a wide patrimony which included estates in Teviotdale, Eskdale, Lauderdale and around Kelso. BRM3. border. Chains were drawn 4 or 5 times around the Often he was cruel and mean-spirited and preferred the quick take from small of vision. A
In 1153 he died in Carlisle Castle.

Men from Tynedale and Redesdale were hand-picked. Foraging parties will have found some but at least there was a chance of survival. border horse for the French campaign. Independence ended, progress in the Marshes had been destroyed because of the parched parrying daggers. The battle of Carham in 1018 is seen as a convenient watershed for the history of the border.

In this way Northumberland and north Cumberland were also understood as potential areas of dispute and conflict.

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